Water treatment for disaster situations with particular reference to iodine as a disinfectant
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Water treatment for disaster situations with particular reference to iodine as a disinfectant by Mansoor Ali Khowaja

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Published .
Written in English


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Edition Notes

Thesis (Ph.D.) - Loughborough University of Technology, 1991.

Statementby Mansoor Ali Khowaja.
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL21516709M

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Water treatment for disaster situations with particular reference to iodine as a disinfectant of natural water samples was a dosage of mg/l\ud iodine found to be an effective disinfectant. Both mg/l chlOrine\ud and mg/l iodine were generally effective in the samples having\ud lower TOe values Le. kaolin and stream sediments at Author: Mansoor A. Khowaja. A Few Important Notes about Using Iodine to Purify Water. As we’ve already stated, iodine can be toxic if you use more than directed. There may also be health consequences for long-term use. On the other hand, iodine in small amounts is required by your body in order to function properly, which is why the government mandated that salt be iodized in the ’s.   Current products containing iodine resin devices with a charcoal scavenger to remove residual iodine can meet this standard when used properly. Likewise, a two-step process of water treatment, with iodine tablets or iodine solutions, then filtration by a device containing charcoal, can ensure safe levels of iodine and effective water treatment. Common household iodine (or “tincture of iodine”). You may have iodine in your medicine cabinet or first aid kit. Add five drops of 2% tincture of iodine to each quart or liter of water that you are disinfecting. If the water is cloudy or colored, add 10 drops of iodine. Stir and let the water stand for at least 30 minutes before use.

The use of iodine for water disinfection requires a risk-benefit decision based on iodine's benefit as a disinfectant and the changes it induces in thyroid physiology. By using appropriate disinfection techniques and monitoring thyroid function, most people can use iodine for water treatment over a prolonged period of time. Backer [29]. Removing Iodine from Water. Although you can add iodine into water as a disinfectant, water contains iodine naturally. Seawater has been known to hold large quantities of iodine while river water contains much smaller amounts. The best-known method for removing iodine from water is using activated carbon. This process includes the following steps. The EPA first published a Water Treatment Manual on Disinfection in Since the publication of this manual there have been significant developments both in terms of the technology and understanding of the disinfection of drinking water and in the supervisory role of the EPA in the drinking water area. This.   Introduction. Safe and efficient treatment of drinking water is among the major public health advances of the 20th century. Without it, waterborne disease would spread rapidly in most public water systems served by surface water.1, 2 Great progress in the global effort to provide safe drinking water and sanitation has been made in the last 25 years; as of , 90% of people worldwide have.

  The use of iodine for water disinfection requires a risk-benefit decision based on iodine's benefit as a disinfectant and the changes it induces in thyroid physiology. By using appropriate disinfection techniques and monitoring thyroid function, most people can use iodine for water treatment over a prolonged period of time. generally produce a dilute iodine residual (reference 7). IODINE CHEMISTRY Chemistry of Iodine in Water When iodine is added to water, it may remain unchanged or it may hydrolyze into five different species depending on pH and the initial iodine concentration (references 4 and 8). In general, the. For example, you might apply a liquid tincture of iodine to a cut or scrape. Iodine kills bacteria that can cause an infection. This type of iodine is for topical use only. When used as a disinfectant, iodine is often combined with another ingredient called povidone, and you might see it listed in a product's ingredients as povidone-iodine. the water as described above. • Tincture of Iodine. Common household iodine from the medicine chest or first aid kit may be used to disinfect water. Add five drops of 2 %United States Pharmacopeia (U.S.P.) Tincture of iodine to each quart of clear water. For cloudy water add ten drops and let the solution stand for at least 30 min.